Botanical Illustration: Working from Photo reference

Story posted: Friday, 10. July 2015 by Lizzie Harper

As a natural history illustrator, you often get asked to complete botanical illustrations of plants which aren’t in season, or bloom.  This is where sketchbooks, filled with notes and annotated details prove invaluable.  But what if you’re asked to illustrate a botanical subject you’ve not got notes on, and which you can’t get hold of?

The first thing is to ensure you can’t get your hands on a specimen.  It is so much easier to draw plants from life than from photos; you can rotate them, dissect them out, magnify them.  You can beg, borrow and steal plants; often gardeners are more than happy to give you a sprig of plant to work from.

However, it’s sometimes impossible to get a specimen, as in a recent commission for a client in Saudi Arabia who wanted Bourgainvillea (Bourgainvillea glabra pink) and the Desert rose (Adenium obesium) illustrated.

The internet is an amazing resource.  Google images, Wikipedia, Universities, Botanical gardens, and horticultural organisations; all of these sites have pictures of most species of plant.  The trick is to ensure the photos you're looking at are typical, and botanically accurate; then to collate these images into a coherent visual whole.

Lizzie Harper botanical illustrator discusses how to use photo ref in creating a natural history illustration

Photo reference for illustrating the Bourgainvillea

After getting several pages of varied reference; some of the plant habit, some of leaves, some of flowers from various angles, and always including scientific illustrations done previously; I come up with some very rough thumbnail sketches.

Lizzie Harper botanical illustrator discusses how to use photo ref in creating a natural history illustration

Thumbnail sketches of the Bourgainvillea

These give me some idea as to the shape the drawing will take, and where I can include different elements from different photos.

It’s vital to treat this activity carefully, refer to a variety of written botanical descriptions to ensure you’re not making any errors, from several different sources.

Piecing it together, like a jigsaw, you gradually build your plant.  Remember to be as accurate as possible, but also to ensure the illustration works as a composition.

Lizzie Harper botanical illustrator discusses how to use photo ref in creating a natural history illustration

Positional skech of the Bourgainvillea plotting out the composition before filling in the details

The same process was repeated with the desert rose, I particularly wanted to include the thickened stem as it is diagnostic and also so functionally vital to the plant.

Lizzie Harper botanical illustrator discusses how to use photo ref in creating a natural history illustration

Assembled photo reference for the Desert rose illustration, with thumbnail compositional sketches

Then I send off the pencil roughs to the client for approval.

Lizzie Harper botanical illustrator discusses how to use photo ref in creating a natural history illustration

Rough of the Desert rose Adenium obesium

Once feedback has been received and taken on board, it’s time to apply colour.  This again is a minefield.  How can you get the colour of a blossom right if it’s not in front of you?  How to compensate for the massive variation of shade in computer monitors, cameras, other paint colours?  Again, it’s a matter of looking at a wide variety of different references and trying to go with the most prevalent variation.  Greens are especially tricky to nail without a leaf in front of you; again referring to verbal descriptions can be enormously helpful.

Lizzie Harper botanical illustrator discusses how to use photo ref in creating a natural history illustration

Final of the Desert rose

At the very last moment I was saved with the Bourgainvillea as a friend emailed to say she had a plant right outside her bar.  I rushed over on my bike and took a sprig, and thus I was able to nail the correct pinks (and they are insanely pink) thanks to having the specimen in front of me. Lizzie Harper botanical illustrator discusses how to use photo ref in creating a natural history illustration

Mixing up the colours for the Bourgainvillea final

Although the finished article may well be a decent piece of work, I always feel that it could be even better had a specimen been to hand from the beginning of the illustration process.

Lizzie Harper botanical illustrator discusses how to use photo ref in creating a natural history illustration

Bourgainvillea final

It’s hard to get the feel of how the plant grows unless it’s there to be observed; and the best way to try to do this is by using extensive different references. Live plants to draw from and dissect out are always a great deal easier to work with, and often produce superior results too, but hopefully this blog explains how to get an illustration done without the specimen when you have to….

On another topic entirely, I'm afraid I've had to turn off the "comments" button on my blogs due to spamming.  If you would like to give any comments or feedback, please do so on my Facebook page or Twitter account or email me at lizzieharper@tinyworld.co.uk.  Many many thanks; and apologies.

 

Category:  Illustration techniques   |   Comments:  0   |   Viewed:  2513

Go back to the list of news stories

Comments are off for this news article.