Natural History Illustration: A Landscape view of a wildlife garden

Story posted: Friday, 23. September 2016 by Lizzie Harper

A recent natural history illustration job for the North Yorkshire Dales National Park involved painting two large landscapes for use on a desk at Malham Cove visitor centre.  The first landscape was of Malham Cove, the second was of birds commonly seen in the garden at the visitor centre.

As always, the first step is to get a pencil rough drawn up and sent off to the client for feedback.

Malham visitor centre landscap natural history illustration by Lizzie Harper SciArt and Botancial illustrator

Malham Visitor centre annotated pancil rough

I needed to add a few flowers to the turf, and then we were good to get going on the painting.

As with the Malham Cove landscape, I start by painting in a sky across almost the entire sheet of paper.  This unifies the illustration and allows foreground details (spared the pale blue wash) to pop out at the viewer.

Next I painted the wall.  Talk about mindfulness!  It was a full (and happy) day of painting first the shadows, then a top wash on each and every stone in the wall.  I mixed up five different greys; one purplish, one greenish, one with a blue hue, one brown, and one with lots of yellow. Switching between these colours made sure the wall looked varied and interesting.

Malham visitor centre landscap natural history illustration by Lizzie Harper SciArt and Botancial illustrator

Detail showing painted wall

Next up came the trees- another day of pale washes, but these ones were gentle greens.  For these colours I mixed plenty of yellow ochre and some blues and purples with the pan-ready greens; it makes them truer to nature.  I plotted in the turf, getting brighter and more saturated in colour as I progressed to the foreground of the illustration.

Malham visitor centre landscap natural history illustration by Lizzie Harper SciArt and Botancial illustrator

Malham visitor centre landscape with most of the background painted in.

After spending some time working into the plants in the turf, I started on the precise detail of the bird feeder.  After so much wet landscape work, this close and exacting work was a relief. To get the effect of brushed aluminium I used cerulean blue watercolour (I tend to favour Winsor and Newton paints) mixed with a touch of purple lake and a tiny bit of vandyke brown, and made sure to apply the paint in sharp stripes, going over the centre of each area of blue twice to show the darkest parts of the metal.  The peanuts were less successful and I fear they resemble baked beans.

Malham visitor centre landscape natural history illustration by Lizzie Harper SciArt and Botancial illustrator

Detail of Malham visitor centre illustration showing detailing of the bird feeder

Malham visitor centre landscap natural history illustration by Lizzie Harper SciArt and Botancial illustrator

Malham visitor centre landscape in progress

I enjoyed working up the bird bath in the foreground, making sure there were plenty of wild flowers around the base (black knapweed, hawksbit, red clover, daisy, buttercup, and self-heal) and trying to get some decent texture into the moss and lichen on the limestone.

Malham visitor centre landscap natural history illustration by Lizzie Harper SciArt and Botancial illustrator

Detail of Malham visitor centre illustration in progress showing the bird bath and wild flowers.

The birds now look like bits of a jigsaw puzzle that are missing.  This is one of my favourite moments in a landscape like this - the hard work is done and just the detailing of the animals remains.

The first two birds were not a great success, I went in too heavily with bright colours and lost some of the delicacy of the colours of a chaffinch.  I also think there's something faulty about the chaffinch perched on top of the bird feeder, it looks rather pigeon-esque.  However, I enjoyed the golfinches and the sparrows. I enjoyed mixing the blue greys and warmer ochres and browns of the sparrow feathers, and going in with the facial scarlet on the goldfinch.

Malham visitor centre landscape natural history illustration by Lizzie Harper SciArt and Botancial illustrator

Detail of the bird feeder (from the completed illustration).

Malham visitor centre landscape natural history illustration by Lizzie Harper SciArt and Botancial illustrator

Close up detail of sparrow in flight (larger than life to show brush strokes)

Once I'd finished painting all the sparrows, goldfinch and chaffinch, there were just the starlings (and their stunning irridescent plumage) to paint.

Malham visitor centre landscape natural history illustration by Lizzie Harper SciArt and Botancial illustrator

Wildlife garden at the Malham visitor centre in progress.

I loved doing the starlings, using vibrant pink, green, and yellow Doctor Martin hydrous inks straight from the bottle.

Malham visitor centre landscape natural history illustration by Lizzie Harper SciArt and Botancial illustrator

Deatil of starlings (3 x original size so you can see the brush strokes)

The landscape was now complete.  A few more tweaks here and there, mostly making the shadows under the birds bolder by adding purple and blue washes, and we were there.  In the past, I would have rubbed out the underlying pencil from a landscape such as this, but now I tend to leave it as it adds a bit of clarity to the work but (I hope) doesnt look too clumsy.

Malham visitor centre landscape natural history illustration by Lizzie Harper SciArt and Botancial illustrator

Completed illustration

It's always scary working on such a giant illustration, but the sense of relief when it's compelted and I've not made any irreperable errors, or spilt a mug of tea over the whole thing is immense.

Now I'll use this and the sister landscape of Malham Cove and its birds (see my blog on creating this accompnaying landscape) in a layout for the desk in the Malham Visitor Centre.  And then maybe, sometime down the line, Ill treat myself to going to see it in situ!

 

On another topic entirely, I'm afraid I've had to turn off the "comments" button on my blogs due to spamming.  If you would like to give any comments or feedback, please do so on my Facebook page or Twitter account or email me at lizzieharper@tinyworld.co.uk.  Many many thanks; and apologies.


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